The high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) is a Generation IV reactor concept that uses a graphitemoderated gas-cooled nuclear reactor with a once-through uranium fuel cycle. This design permits a very high outlet temperature in the order of 1 000°C. The first HTGR design was proposed at the Clinton Laboratories (now Oak Ridge National Laboratory) in 1947. Germany also played a significant role in HTGR development over the next decade. The Peach Bottom reactor in the United States (US) was the first HTGR to produce electricity, with operation from 1966 through 1974 as a 150 MW(th) demonstration plant. The Fort St. Vrain plant was the first commercial power design, operating from 1979 to 1989 with a power rating of 842 MW(th). Even though the reactor was beset by operational issues that led to its decommissioning due to economic factors, it served as proof of the HTGR concept in the United States. HTGRs have also existed in the United Kingdom (the Dragon reactor) and Germany (AVR and THTR-300), and currently exist in Japan (the HTTR using prismatic fuel with 30 MWth of capacity) and the People’s Republic of China (the HTR-10, a pebble bed design with 10 MWe of generation). Two full-scale pebble bed HTGRs, each with 100-195 MWe of electrical production capacity are under construction in China, and are promoted in several countries by reactor designers. The US Department of Energy (DOE) Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) represents a significant and growing activity in the United States.
The report summarises the results of a benchmark that was developed as the first, simplest phase in a planned series of increasingly complex set of code-to-code benchmarks. The intent of this benchmark was to encourage contribution of a wide range of computational results for depletion calculations in a set of basic fuel cell models. This report provides 21 sets of results that were submitted by 12 participants internationally. The benchmark specification and the results provide the necessary data for comparative studies by future researchers.