The use of nuclear energy in each country is governed by a framework of national laws, frequently based on principles that have been internationally agreed and that are often reflected in international conventions or other instruments.
There are a variety of international conventions and agreements in the nuclear field, to which most countries with significant nuclear activities are parties. These deal with such matters as nuclear safety and the safe management of radioactive waste and spent fuel, early notification and assistance in the event of a nuclear accident, environmental protection, non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, physical protection of nuclear materials and civil nuclear liability and compensation.
More information on, including the status of adherence to, the multilateral agreements of the highest import to international nuclear law can be found further below under activities.
More information about international conventions and agreements created under NEA auspices can be found further below under activities.