The practical application of radiological protection policy in international recommendations and national regulations is essential, as is their implementation in the field.
Radiological protection decision making continues as a prime focus, including aspects such as the integration of science and values in decision making, organisational approaches and implications of stakeholder involvement in decision making, as well as risk communication issues.
The Committee on Radiological Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) ensures to identify potential gaps or challenges in regulation and implementation. One example is in the area of recovery management, including the management of food where the Expert Group on Recovery Management develops recommendations for building nationally adapted frameworks for preparedness for post-accident recovery.
When recommendations and regulation evolve, the CRPPH may establish expert groups to provide an opportunity for regulators and stakeholders, both from nuclear and non-nuclear communities, to share successes and challenges in the practical implementation of the changes. This is, for example, the case of the Expert Group on the Dose Limit to the Lens of the Eye (EGDLE).
In 2002, the NEA CRPPH established a dedicated expert group (EGIR) to evaluate draft general recommendations developed by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and to provide feedback on policy and implementation to the authors of the document, in order to ensure that the final recommendations reflect the views and concerns of the CRPPH.
Many NEA member countries are facing problems with radiologically contaminated legacy sites and installations. There are many examples of how different legacy issues are managed in various countries, applying different approaches and standards. To address the need for more practical guidance on regulation of radiation protection at legacy sites the Expert Group on Legacy Management (EGLM) was formed in 2016. The main objective of the EGLM is to promote a practical and optimised approach for the regulatory supervision of nuclear legacy sites and installations, taking into account the results of other NEA activities such as the Expert Group on Fukushima Waste Management and Decommissioning R&D (EGFWMD), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Safety Fundamentals, the International Basic Safety Standards and the relevant IAEA guidance documents, the relevant existing and the new International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) recommendations, as well as the experience of good practice at different types of legacy sites.